ASSAR

Botswana, India, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Namibia


ADAPTATION AT SCALE IN SEMI-ARID REGIONS


ASSAR’s overarching research objective is to improve the understanding of the barriers, enablers and limits to effective, sustained and widespread adaptation in semi-arid regions from now until the 2030s. To do this, the project conducts research on the socio-ecological risks and dynamics of livelihood transitions, and access, use and management of land and water resources in water-stressed environments. ASSAR works regionally across seven countries: Botswana, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, India, Mali, and Namibia.


THE CONSORTIUM INCLUDES:

  • University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa (ASSAR lead institution)
  • Indian Institute for Human Settlements (IIHS), India
  • International START Secretariat, USA
  • Oxfam, UK
  • University of East Anglia (UEA), UK

APPROACH

Overview

Home to hundreds of millions of people, the semi-arid regions of Africa and Asia are particularly vulnerable to climate-related impacts and risks. These climate-change hot-spots are highly dynamic systems that already experience harsh climates, adverse environmental change, and a relative paucity of natural resources. People here may be further marginalized by high levels of poverty, inequality and rapidly changing socio-economic, governance and development contexts. These pressures are expected to amplify in the coming decades. Therefore, it is essential to understand what facilitates the empowerment of people, local organizations and governments to adapt to climate change in a way that minimizes vulnerability and promotes long-term resilience. 

To date, most adaptation efforts have focused on reactive, short-term and site-specific solutions to climate-related vulnerabilities. Although important, these responses often fail to address the root causes of vulnerability, and to shed light on how to proactively spur larger-scale and longer-term adaptation that has positive effects on socio-economic development. Using both research and practice to address this information shortfall, ASSAR seeks to produce future-focused and societally-relevant knowledge of potential pathways to wellbeing through adaptation.

 

Objectives 

ASSAR’s overarching research objective is to use insights from multiple-scale, interdisciplinary work to improve the understanding of the barriers, enablers and limits to effective, sustained and widespread adaptation in semi-arid regions (SARs) out to the 2030s.

To achieve this, ASSAR aims to:

1. Undertake high-quality, innovative, transdisciplinary research to generate new stakeholder-driven knowledge on vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in SARs.

2. Develop and trial relevant and actionable strategies for adaptation that inform and influence key stakeholders.

3. Create innovative communication approaches for effective knowledge sharing on climate change vulnerability and adaptation in SARs.

4. Enable systemic capacity strengthening for adaptation in SARs, in research, policy and practice domains, and create a new cadre of Southern adaptation specialists who can take on leadership positions in these domains.

5. Ensure that the ASSAR research is used during and beyond CARIAA to shape policies and practices that enable vulnerable populations and sectors adapt to climate change.

 

Methodology 

ASSAR works in a coordinated manner across seven countries in India, East Africa, West Africa and Southern Africa: Botswana, India, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, and Namibia. Focal research themes in each region are: 

     West Africa: agro-intensification

     East and Southern Africa: land and water access 

     India: land use, land cover and livelihood changes 

Using a case-study approach, the research strives to integrate climatic, environmental, social and economic change. The dynamics of gender roles and relations form a particularly strong theme throughout the consortium’s approach.

Cross-regional comparison and integration of findings enables ASSAR to develop a unique and systemic understanding of the processes and factors that impede adaptation and cause vulnerability to persist.

To ensure that project case studies are aligned with the needs and realities of people living and working in these regions, ASSAR seeks to build meaningful and long-lasting relationships with a wide spectrum of stakeholders. It does this by:

     o guiding stakeholders through participatory scenario planning processes, to build a common understanding of current adaptation needs and past adaptation failings; 

     o using stakeholder mapping and analysis to better understand the power dynamics of different stakeholder groups;

     o working with and alongside boundary organisations and the private sector; and 

     o engaging in effective communication, capacity building and advocacy campaigns. 

 

Outcomes 

ASSAR aims to produce research that will be used to inform and build the capacity of key stakeholders—policy- and decision-makers, practitioners, primary stakeholders, academic researchers, boundary organizations, networks, platforms and other strategic alliances—with respect to adaptation pathways in semi-arid regions. The research would also ideally contribute to greater integration of the domains of research, policy and practice. 

This knowledge and capacity gained should in turn promote the following outcomes:

1. Actors and institutions, with interest and influence to remove barriers and enhance social enablers for climate change adaptation in SARs, have enhanced human/social capital and have undergone a change in attitude, behaviors and capacities. 

2. These same actors and institutions have improved access to financial and other resources.

3. Actors and institutions without influence, power and agency are enabled to act on the removal of barriers and enhance enablers for climate change adaptation in SARs. 

 

For more information, visit http://www.assar.uct.ac.za/ 

Sr. No.  Patent of Title Industry sector Transferred to:Date Year IPR Published by/ licenced at Currently owned by
1 Methods and apparatuses to convey a local call hold state to a recipient device telecom 21-04-13 9667781 QUALCOMM Incorporated
2 Call handling across subscriptions in dual SIM dual active (DSDA) devices via short range wireless telecom 06-01-14 9131061 QUALCOMM Incorporated
3 CALL HANDLING ACROSS SUBSCRIPTIONS IN DUAL SIM DUAL ACTIVE (DSDA) DEVICES VIA SHORT RANGE WIRELESS telecom 06-01-14 20150195393 QUALCOMM Incorporated
4 METHODS AND APPARATUSES TO CONVEY A LOCAL CALL HOLD STATE TO A RECIPIENT DEVICE telecom 21-04-13 20140315524 QUALCOMM Incorporated
5 A deformation compensation technique for wax pattern die of rotary engine blade Engineering 15-11-17 16410/2017-
CO/L
GLA University IPR Licensed to ASSAR
6 One-class abutment higher order tensor appliance classifier Engineering 15-11-17 16541/2017-CO/L GLA University IPR Licensed to ASSAR
7 Thermal reading assesement during friction stir welding Engineering 15-11-17 16413/2017-CO/L GLA University IPR Licensed to ASSAR
8 3-amino-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-4-(3H)- quinazolinone or by-product thereof for treating or avert antiviral infections Pharmacy 15-11-17 16542/2017-CO/L GLA University IPR Licensed to ASSAR
9 Conditions Mild TFC Bleaching Arrangements for AS/AQ Wheat Straw Pulp Pharmacy 15-11-17 16544/2017-CO/L GLA University IPR Licensed to ASSAR
10 Process of producing tibolone metabolites by leavening with Fusarium Lini Pharmacy 15-11-17 16558/2017-CO/L GLA University IPR Licensed to ASSAR
11 Cost and accomplishments controlling Management  15-11-17  16550/2017-CO/L GLA University IPR Licensed to ASSAR
12 Operations management Management  15-11-17 16557/2017-CO/L GLA University IPR Licensed to ASSAR
13 Management modus operandi Management  15-11-17 16556/2017-CO/L . GLA University IPR Licensed to ASSAR
14 Obtaining of high resolution biometric images Engineering  24-11-17 16539/2017-CO/L G.L. Bajaj Institute of Management and Research IPR Licensed to ASSAR
15 Work with USB Microscope for Micro art on rice Engineering  24-11-17 16537/2017-CO/L G.L. Bajaj Institute of Management and Research IPR Licensed to ASSAR
16 System and method for organising data signals Engineering  24-11-17 16448/2017-CO/L G.L. Bajaj Institute of Management and Research IPR Licensed to ASSAR
17 “NEW AND EFFICIENT DATA WARE HOUSING ALGORITHM FOR MULTIPLE RFID READERS IT 21-11-17 16563/2017-CO/L  MLR Institute of Technology IPR Licensed to ASSAR
18 A NOVEL CHAOTIC QUANTUM BASED HOMOMORPHIC CPABE AUTHENTICATION PROTOCOL AGAINST MALICIOUS ATTACK IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS CSE 21-11-17 16564/2017-CO/L MLR Institute of Technology IPR Licensed to ASSAR
19 “FITNESS MANAGEMENT ANDROID APPLICATION” CSE 21-11-17 16568/2017-CO/L MLR Institute of Technology IPR Licensed to ASSAR
20 “AUTOMATED TOOL FOR BLOOM’S TAXONOMY” CSE 21-11-17 16569/2017-CO/L MLR Institute of Technology IPR Licensed to ASSAR
21 “DISEASE MANAGEMENT ” CSE 21-11-17 16571/2017-CO/L MLR Institute of Technology IPR Licensed to ASSAR